ZAT AKTIF OBAT

Cardiovascular system

Adenosine
Adrenaline (epinephrine)
Aldosterone antagonists
Alpha-blockers
Amiodarone
Angiotensin receptor blockers
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
Antimuscarinics, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal uses
Aspirin
Beta-blockers
Calcium channel blockers
Clopidogrel
Colloids (plasma substitutes)
Compound sodium lactate (Hartmann’s solution)
Digoxin
Dipyridamole
Diuretics, loop
Diuretics, potassium-sparing
Diuretics, thiazide and thiazide-like
Fibrinolytic drugs
Heparins and fondaparinux
Lidocaine
Nicorandil
Nitrates
Opioids, strong
Sodium chloride
Warfarin

Respiratory system

Antihistamines (H 1 -receptor antagonists)
Antimuscarinics, bronchodilators
Beta 2 -agonists
Compound (β 2 -agonist–corticosteroid) inhalers
Corticosteroids (glucocorticoids), inhaled
Oxygen
Phosphodiesterase (type 5) inhibitors

Nervous system

Antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
Antidepressants, tricyclics and related drugs
Antidepressants, venlafaxine and mirtazapine
Antiemetics, dopamine D 2 -receptor antagonists
Antiemetics, histamine H 1 -receptor antagonists
Antiemetics, phenothiazines
Antiemetics, serotonin 5-HT 3 -receptor antagonists
Antipsychotics, first-generation (typical)
Antipsychotics, second-generation (atypical)
Aspirin
Benzodiazepines
Carbamazepine
Dopaminergic drugs for Parkinson’s disease
Gabapentin and pregabalin
Lidocaine
Naloxone
Opioids, compound preparations
Opioids, strong
Opioids, weak
Paracetamol
Phenytoin
Statins
Valproate
Vitamins
Z-drugs

Gastrointestinal system and nutrition

Acetylcysteine (N-acetylcysteine)
Alginates and antacids
Aminosalicylates
Antiemetics, dopamine D2 -receptor antagonists
Antiemetics, histamine H1 -receptor antagonists
Antiemetics, phenothiazines
Antiemetics, serotonin 5-HT3-receptor antagonists
Antimotility drugs
Antimuscarinics, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal uses
Calcium and vitamin D
H2-receptor antagonists
Iron
Laxatives, bulk-forming
Laxatives, osmotic
Laxatives, stimulant
Proton pump inhibitors
Vitamins

Renal and genitourinary tracts

Alpha-blockers
Antimuscarinics, genitourinary uses
Calcium and vitamin D
Colloids (plasma substitutes)
Compound sodium lactate (Hartmann’s solution)
Diuretics, loop
Diuretics, thiazide and thiazide-like
Glucose (dextrose)
Oestrogens and progestogens
Phosphodiesterase (type 5) inhibitors
Diuretics, potassium-sparing
Potassium, intravenous
Potassium, oral
Sodium chloride
5α-reductase inhibitors

Endocrine and reproductive systems

Bisphosphonates
Corticosteroids (glucocorticoids), systemic
Glucose (dextrose)
Insulin
Metformin
Oestrogens and progestogens
Sulphonylureas
Thiazolidinediones
Thyroid hormones

Musculoskeletal system

Allopurinol
Aminosalicylates
Calcium and vitamin D
Methotrexate
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Quinine

Ophthalmology

Ocular lubricants (artificial tears)
Prostaglandin analogue eye drops

Skin

Corticosteroids (glucocorticoids), topical
Emollients

Blood

Heparins and fondaparinux
Iron
Vitamins
Warfarin

Infection

Aminoglycosides
Antifungal drugs
Cephalosporins and carbapenems
Macrolides
Metronidazole
Nitrofurantoin
Penicillins
Penicillins, antipseudomonal
Penicillins, broad-spectrum
Penicillins, penicillinase-resistant
Quinine
Quinolones
Tetracyclines
Trimethoprim
Vaccines
Vancomycin

Poisoning

Acetylcysteine (N-acetylcysteine)
Activated charcoal
Benzodiazepines
Naloxone
Oxygen
Vitamins